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Table 5 COSMIN critical appraisal tool used for studies that could be analysed for their measurement properties

From: The identification and appraisal of assessment tools used to evaluate metatarsus adductus: a systematic review of their measurement properties

Study: Measurement tool: Author driven: Reliability (B): Content Validity (D): Criterion Validity (H): Responsiveness (I):
Berg et al. [2] Radiographs: Berg classification system Yes n/a n/a n/a Poor
Cook et al. [23] Radiographs: Berg classification system No Poor n/a n/a n/a
Dawoodi et al. [32] Radiographs: metatarsal angle (4th), modified metatarsal angle (5th), rearfoot – 2nd metatarsal angle, Engel’s Angle, modified Engel’s angle. No Good n/a n/a n/a
Dominguez et al. [33] Radiographs: Traditional metatarsus adductus angle (cuboid and the 4th metatarsal as reference), modified metatarsus adductus angle (cuboid and the 5th metatarsal). No Fair n/a n/a n/a
Engel, et al. [35] Radiographs: Traditional metatarsus adductus angle and the modified metatarsus adductus angle Modified metatarsus adductus angle only. n/a n/a Fair n/a
French, et al. [34] Radiographs: Lateral calcaneal 5th metatarsal angle, inter-metatarsal angle, talus first metatarsal angle, talocalcaneal angle (Kite’s angle), first metatarsal fifth metatarsal angle, talocaneal angle (lateral view). First-metatarsal fifth-metatarsal angle was author driven. All other angles were not. n/a Poor n/a Poor
Herzenberg et al. [20] Footprints analysed using a modified version of Bleck’s measurement. Yes n/a n/a n/a Poor
Knörr et al. [4] Radiographs: First cuneiform metatarsal angle, metatarsal-metaphyseal angle. No n/a n/a n/a Poor
Lepow et al. [25] Radiographs: Paediatric metatarsus adductus angle Yes n/a n/a n/a Poor