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Table 2 Reproducibility of ultrasound cross-sectional area, pedobarography, hand-held dynamometry and balance measures

From: Reliability and correlates of cross-sectional area of abductor hallucis and the medial belly of the flexor hallucis brevis measured by ultrasound

Variable Trial 1 (mean ± SD) Trial 2 (mean ± SD) ICC3,1 95% CI
Ultrasound (cm 2 )
 CSA Abductor Hallucis 2.16 ± 0.60 2.16 ± 0.63 0.97 0.94 0.99
 CSA Flexor Hallucis Brevis 1.45 ± 0.35 1.45 ± 0.36 0.96 0.90 0.98
Pedobarography (N)
 Great toe press task (n = 20)      
Stand maximum force great toe 117.8 ± 33.8 128.1 ± 42.9 0.75 0.48 0.89
Hand-held dynamometry (N)
Stand – great toe 124.9 ± 28.8 119.4 ± 28.3 0.75 0.48 0.89
Balance (cm)
Mean maximal step right 89.3 ± 12.3 88.7 ± 12.37 0.83 0.63 0.93
  1. Key: ICC Intraclass correlations coefficients, CSA Cross-sectional area, cm centimetres, N newtons
  2. Notes-Pedobarography Emed Pressure Platform n = 20