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Table 1 Mean (±SD, n = 9) corticospinal and peripheral excitability, and contractility measures before (PRE), immediately after (POST) and 30 min following cessation (RET) of WPHF. Significant post-hoc pairwise comparisons are indicated. indicates p ≤ 0.05; p ≤ 0.01; p ≤ 0.001

From: Wide-pulse, high-frequency, low-intensity neuromuscular electrical stimulation has potential for targeted strengthening of an intrinsic foot muscle: a feasibility study

  Central Peripheral
  Latency (ms) MEP/Mmax130 (%) Latency (ms) Mmax130 (mV•ms) Mmax130TP (mV•ms) AHMR@50 (mA) pTw (N) EMD (ms) HRT (ms)
PRE 45.9 31.6 7.0 19.5 6.2 7.7 4.3 5.8 82.7
  3.3 16.1 0.8 9.3 3.9 2.0 1.6 1.3 22.8
POST 46.8 29.7 7.5 21.7 7.3 8.5 4.1 6.3 96.2
  3.7 14.7 0.8 10.2 4.4 2.3 1.8 1.6 20.1
RET 46.4 34.4 7.7 22.1 7.9 8.3 4.2 6.5 99.1
  3.6 17.2 1.0 9.6 5.5 1.9 1.5 2.6 21.6
      
  1. †: PRE vs. POST; ‡: PRE vs. RET