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Table 9 The most statistically significant items by year group for the podiatric medical degree course offered on the Plasencia Campus, Extremadura University, Spain (2015) (n = 235)

From: Student perceptions of the education environment in a Spanish medical podiatry school

# Domain/Question First Mean (SD) Second Mean (SD) Third Mean (SD) Fourth Mean (SD) P-value
D1: Students’ perception of learning
1. I am encouraged to participate in class 2.17 (0.92) 2.38 (1.07) 2.56 (0.84) 2.71 (0.86) 0.014
24. The teaching time is put to good use 2.72 (0.89) 2.08 (1.01) 2.09 (0.71) 1.84 (0.98) 0.001
D2: Students’ perception of teachers
2. The teachers are knowledgeable 2.91 (0.62) 3.17 (0.96) 2.95 (0.71) 3.02 (0.82 0.027
29. The lecturers are good at providing feedback to students 2.05 (0,84) 2.30 (0.77) 2.32 (0.89) 2.48 (1.12) 0.046
37. The teachers give clear examples 2.74 (0.78) 2.64 (0.96) 2.63 (1.01) 3.04 (0.95) 0.030
39. The teachers get angry in class 2.66 (1.27) 1.97 (1.12) 1.98 (1.02) 2.48 (1.16) 0.001
50. The estudents irritate the teachers 2.28 (1.15) 1.34 (1.18) 2.23 (1.19) 2.07 (1.27) 0.001
D3: Students’ academic self-perception
10. I am confident of passing the examination 3.07 (0.72) 2.92 (1.15) 3.45 (1.29) 3.45 (1.29) 0.006
31. I have learned a lot about empathy in my profession 2.76 (0.88) 3.06 (0.94) 2.56 (0.94) 3.07 (0.86) 0.002
D4: Students’ perceptions of atmosphere
11. The atmosphere is relaxed during clinical 3.21 (0.95) 2.81 (1.12) 2.63 (1.17) 2.89 (0.88) 0.015
12. The course timetable is well charted 1.34 (1.08) 0.92 (0.00) 1.89 (1.19) 2.16 (1.26) 0.001
17. Cheating is rampant in this school 2.67 (1.40) 1.52 (1.32) 2.16 (1.33) 1.16 (0.86) 0.001
23. The atmosphere is relaxed during lectures 2.76 (0.86) 2.25 (1.14) 2.63 (1.06) 2.84 (0.84) 0.008
34. The atmosphere is relaxed during seminars/tutorials 3.24 (0.82) 2.66 (1.02) 2.47 (1.13) 2.96 (1.04) 0 .001
D5: Students’ social self-perception
3. There is good support system for students who get stressed 1.97 (0.70) 1.34 (0.97) 1.81 (0.87) 1.67 (0.99) 0.002
46. My accommodation is pleasant 3.14 (0.80) 3.17 (0.90) 2.63 (1.01) 2.71 (0.92) 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: DREEM Dundee ready Education Environment Measure, SD standard deviation