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Table 4 Patient’s receiving foot orthoses and intended outcomes (percentage of responders in each profession and results of logistic regression (odds ratio)). Statistically significant difference with p < 0.05, * with Chi squared and # with Fischer’s test. p values for each significant comparison are included in the Additional file 1: Table S4

From: National profile of foot orthotic provision in the United Kingdom, part 2: podiatrist, orthotist and physiotherapy practices

  Professional registration Odds ratio
Pod Orth Physio Pod versus orth Pod versus physio Physio versus orth
Type of patients prescribed with foot orthoses Musculoskeletal* 92.2% 95.7% 67.3% 0.5 5.7 0.1
Diabetes* 63.3% 94.6% 4.1% 0.9 40.5 0.002
Arthritis* 58.8% 89.2% 4.1% 0.2 33.6 0.01
Osteoarthritis* 72.8% 89.2% 34.7% 0.3 5.0 0.06
Paediatric* 46.8% 82.8% 16.3% 0.2 4.5 0.04
Neuro adult* 39.8% 79.6% 22.4% 0.2 2.3 0.07
Neuro paediatric* 17.1% 68.8% 16.3% 0.09 1.1 0.08
Sports 64.7% 67.7% 49.0%
Other high risk* 37.3% 68.8% 2.0% 0.27 28.5 0.01
Fall prevention* 30.5% 57.0% 8.2% 0.3 4.94 0.07
Post-surgery 2.5% 1.1% 2.0%
Other 1.1% 1.1% 4.1%
Practitioner’s outcomes Pain relief* 87.4% 91.4% 63.3% 0.6 4 0.2
Pressure relief* 47.9% 59.1% 8.2% 0.6 10.3 0.06
Functional control 66.7% 62.4% 77.6%
Accommodate deformity* 18.2% 29.0% 28.6% 0.5 0.6 1
Stability* 12.3% 10.8% 38.8% 1.2 0.2 5.3
Ulcer prevention* 19.0% 29.0% 4.1% 0.6 5.5 0.1
Short term treatment* 16.5% 3.2% 38.8% 5.9 0.3 19
Long term treatment* 24.9% 9.7% 32.7% 3.1 0.7 4.5
Other 0.8% 1.1% 2.0%
Patient’s outcome Pain reduction* 67.2% 79.6% 55.1% 0.5 1.67 0.6
Pain free* 52.7% 41.9% 34.7% 1.5 2.1 0.4
Return to sport* 42.9% 15.1% 38.8% 2.3 0.6 1.6
Return to sport level 63.0% 59.1% 71.4%
Return to work 8.4% 9.7% 14.3%
Prevent injury* 29.4% 49.5% 8.2% 0.3 1.6 0.03
Return to footwear 6.2% 4.3% 12.2%
Prevent falls# 3.1% 4.3% 18.4% 0.2 0.05 1.5
Don’t know 16.8% 22.6% 20.4%
Other 1.1% 2.2% 6.1%
  1. Pod podiatrist, physio physiotherapist, orth orthotist