Skip to main content

Table 2 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for the hamstring injury group (Malliaropoulos et al. Br J Sports Med 2014; 48:22 1607–1612)

From: Higher frequency of hamstring injuries in elite track and field athletes who had a previous injury to the ankle - a 17 years observational cohort study

Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria
Acute injury Uncertain clinical diagnosis
Local tenderness Verified or previously suspected posterior thigh muscle injury
Pain with resisted knee flexion or resisted hip extension Pain on palpation at the origin or insertion of the posterior thigh muscles
Pain with passive hip flexion with the knee extended  
Provocation of pain on isometric contraction of posterior thigh muscles Extrinsic trauma to the posterior thigh or bilateral injuries
Tendon avulsion or total rupture of hamstring muscles
Chronic low back pain and/or sciatica