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Table 3 Comparison of mean symmetry index (SI ± SD) during overground running between AT and healthy control group (Wilcoxon test, Effect of size)

From: Do athletes alter their running mechanics after an Achilles tendon rupture?

Parameter AT Control Δ P ES
Ankle
 Angle at IC −0.43 (7.88) 0.84 (7.31) −1.25 0.859 0.17
 Angle RoM from IC to MID −6.27 (75.45) 2.52 (27.60) −8.79 0.657 0.32
 Angle RoM from MID to TO −15.17 (22.24) −1.58 (10.64) −13.59 0.050 1.28
 Moment change from IC to MID −2.43 (14.29) 5.56 (10.74) −7.99 0.182 0.74
 Moment change from MID to TO −3.36 (14.93) 5.03 (10.78) −8.39 0.182 0.78
Knee
 Angle at IC −27.66 (27.14) −2.24 (24.77) −25.42 0.008 1.03
 Angle RoM from IC to MID 8.87 (8.25) 1.24 (8.44) 7.63 0.110 0.90
 Angle RoM from MID to TO −2.68 (11.10) −7.57 (10.33) 4.89 0.424 0.47
 Moment change from IC to MID −4.21 (11.86) −8.22 (11.08) 4.01 0.374 0.36
 Moment change from MID to TO −8.07 (18.11) −13.35 (12.34) 5.28 0.424 0.43
Hip
 Angle at IC −6.78 (5.61) −2.28 (5.63) −4.50 0.033 0.80
 Angle RoM from IC to MID −77.55 (54.41) −1.29 (31.92) −76.26 0.006 2.39
 Angle RoM from MID to TO 0.08 (19.55) −6.82 (8.43) 6.90 0.248 0.82
 Moment change from IC to MID −15.72 (50.95) 17.16 (76.42) −32.88 0.131 0.43
 Moment change from MID to TO 12.71 (25.28) 18.08 (20.12) −5.37 0.722 0.27
VGRF
 VGRF max 2.25 (2.36) −0.33 (3.91) 2.58 0.110 0.66
 Time to VGRF max −7.85 (4.35) −3.59 (4.24) −4.26 0.041 1.00
  1. The bold values indicate statistical significance at the p = 0.05 level. In addition the bold values indicate - ES higher than 0.5 and represents a practically significant difference
  2. SI = ((Meanaffected/left − Meanunaffected/right)/0.5(Meanaffected/left + Meanunaffected/right))  100
  3. Angles – degrees; moments – Nm/kg, time – percent