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Table 2 Comparison of kinematics and kinetics during overground running between the Achilles tendon (AT) and healthy control (CTRL) groups

From: Do athletes alter their running mechanics after an Achilles tendon rupture?

  Affected AT /matched control Unaffected AT /matched control
AT CTRL P ES AT CTRL P ES
Ankle
 Angle at IC (°) 77.2 (10.9) 76.6 (15.2) 0.6 0.657 0.04 77.3 (9.3) 75.7 (14.2) 1.6 0.929 0.11
 Angle RoM IC to MID (°) 13.8 (11.8) 16.5 (14.1) −2.7 0.182 0.19 13.4 (10.4) 15.6 (12.5) −2.2 0.248 0.18
 Angle RoM MID to TO (°) 28.1 (6.3) 35.7 (7.2) −7.6 0.016 1.06 32.3 (5.21) 36.1 (6.8) −3.8 0.131 0.56
 Moment Max (Nm/kg) 2.71 (0.49) 2.62 (0.55) 0.09 0.859 0.16 2.75 (0.38) 2.52 (0.58) 0.23 0.534 0.40
 Moment change IC to MID (Nm/kg) 2.55 (0.53) 2.49 (0.53) 0.06 1.000 0.11 2.58 (0.37) 2.38 (0.60) 0.20 0.859 0.33
 Moment change MID to TO (Nm/kg) 2.57 (0.58) 2.50 (0.55) 0.07 1.000 0.13 2.63 (0.45) 2.40 (0.63) 0.23 0.722 0.37
Knee
 Angle at IC (°) 13.5 (4.6) 18.7 (6.5) −5.2 0.026 0.80 17.5 (4.5) 19.1 (7.0) −1.6 0.929 0.23
 Angle RoM IC to MID (°) 39.1 (4.7) 34.7 (3.4) 4.4 0.033 1.29 35.8 (4.1) 34.4 (4.6) 1.4 0.424 0.30
 Angle RoM MID to TO (°) 26.5 (6.9) 26.4 (4.3) 0.1 0.534 0.02 26.8 (5.1) 28.3 (3.6) −1.5 0.328 0.42
 Moment Max (Nm/kg) 2.60 (0.64) 2.39 (0.65) 0.21 0.477 0.32 2.56 (0.47) 2.60 (0.60) −0.04 0.859 0.07
 Moment change IC to MID (Nm/kg) 2.92 (0.55) 2.64 (0.66) 0.28 0.155 0.42 3.03 (0.40) 2.84 (0.61) 0.19 0.374 0.31
 Moment change MID to TO (Nm/kg) 2.35 (0.66) 2.17 (0.60) 0.18 0.424 0.30 2.49 (0.48) 2.45 (0.57) 0.04 0.594 0.07
Hip
 Angle at IC (°) 45.7 (7.2) 45.7 (6.7) 0.0 0.929 0.00 48.9 (7.4) 46.8 (7.1) 2.1 0.594 0.30
 Angle RoM IC to MID (°) 3.4 (2.3) 6.6 (3.9) −3.2 0.075 0.82 7.6 (4.7) 7.0 (4.1) 0.6 0.859 0.15
 Angle RoM MID to TO (°) 34.0 (5.3) 32.0 (5.1) 2.0 0.374 0.39 33.9 (5.4) 34.1 (5.0) −0.2 0.929 0.04
 Moment Max (Nm/kg) 2.73 (0.59) 2.37 (0.85) 0.36 0.213 0.42 2.63 (0.45) 2.05 (0.72) 0.58 0.050 0.81
 Moment change IC to MID (Nm/kg) 1.03 (0.72) 0.70 (0.60) 0.33 0.374 0.55 1.06 (0.61) 0.65 (0.70) 0.41 0.328 0.59
 Moment change MID to TO (Nm/kg) 2.79 (0.78) 2.07 (0.75) 0.72 0.131 0.96 2.44 (0.63) 1.75 (0.74) 0.69 0.075 0.93
VGRF
 VGRF max (N) 1911 (290) 1819 (312) 92 0.328 0.29 1865 (259) 1820 (289) 45 0.534 0.16
 Time to VGRF max (ms) 104 (11) 112 (6) −8 0.047 1.38 112 (10) 116 (7) −4 0.182 0.58
  1. The bold values indicate statistical significance at the p = 0.05 level. In addition the bold values indicate - ES higher than 0.5 and represents a practically significant difference