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Table 3 The proportion of participants with a peak pressure below 200 kPa in the control shoe, the group-optimised design (52% apex) and the personalised design (individually selected apex) for both the 15° and 20° rocker angles (RA), in each of the three anatomical regions

From: Optimisation of rocker sole footwear for prevention of first plantar ulcer: comparison of group-optimised and individually-selected footwear designs

   Below 200 kPa (RA = 15°) Below 200 kPa (RA = 20°)
   Participants with diabetes (n = 102) Participants with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (n = 17) Participants with diabetes (n = 102) Participants with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (n = 17)
1st MTP Control shoe 46% 35% 46% 35%
Group (52% apex) 66% 65% 74% 82%
Personalised apex 72% 71% 78% 82%
2–4 MTH Control shoe 13% 18% 13% 17%
Group (52% apex) 69% 53% 81% 76%
Personalised apex 73% 53% 81% 76%
Hallux Control shoe 60% 59% 60% 59%
Group (52% apex) 66% 65% 71% 71%
Personalised apex 70% 71% 75% 71%
  1. Data are reported on all diabetes participants (n = 102) and also participants with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy (n = 17)