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Table 3 Association between clinical characteristics and presence of tophus

From: Are ultrasound features at the first metatarsophalangeal joint associated with clinically-assessed pain and function? A study of people with gout, asymptomatic hyperuricaemia and normouricaemia

  Least squares mean Diff. 95% CI for Diff. P
  Present Absent Lower Upper
1st MTP joint Pain VAS, mm 2.4 6.0 3.6 −7.0 14.3 0.50
Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index 19.8 5.9 −13.9 −19.7 −8.1 <0.001a
1st MTP joint range of motion, ° 55.1 71.2 16.1 2.4 29.7 0.021
1st MTP joint temperature, °C 28.6 26.2 −2.3 −3.9, −0.7 0.005a
Walking velocity, m/s 0.88 1.00 0.11 0.05 0.18 0.001a
  1. Results are presented adjusted for diagnostic group. aSignificantly different at Bonferroni-adjusted level of < 0.01. Diff. Difference in mean estimate between presence and absence, CI Confidence Interval, 1st MTP joint first metatarsophalangeal joint, o degrees