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Table 4 Survey answers for fallers and non-fallers relating to foot problems and footwear

From: A survey exploring self-reported indoor and outdoor footwear habits, foot problems and fall status in people with stroke and Parkinson’s

  Fallers
(n = 180)
Non-fallers
(n = 183)
P Value
Months since diagnosisa mean (SD) 75 (75.2) 44 (47.5) <0.001
Do you receive foot care help from a health professional?b (% Yes) 96 (53 %) 67 (37 %) 0.001
Have your footwear habits changed since diagnosis?b (% Yes) 96 (53 %) 68 (37 %) 0.003
Foot problems?b any problem 103 (57 %) 75 (41 %) 0.002
influencing balance 61 (34 %) 39 (21 %) 0.018
influencing shoes worn 69 (38 %) 40 (22 %) 0.001
Would like more choice when buying footwear?b (% agree) 86 (48 %) 66 (36 %) 0.024
Would like more advice when buying footwear?b (% agree) 84 (47 %) 50 (27 %) <0.001
Factors influencing indoor footwear purchaseb
(% ranking factor ‘important’)
Comfort 156 (87 %) 159 (87 % 0.810
Style 37 (21 %) 28 (15 %) 0.556
Fashion 7 (4 %) 10 (6 %) 0.464
Secure fastening 102 (57 %) 77 (42 %) 0.008
Ease of fastening 103 (57 %) 73 (40 %) 0.007
Support 96 (53 %) 95 (52 %) 0.484
Grip 97 (54 %) 105 (57 %) 0.966
Fit 140 (78 %) 141 (77 %) 0.477
Factors influencing outdoor footwear purchaseb
(% ranking factor ‘important’)
Comfort 164 (91 %) 160 (87 %) 0.139
Style 51 (28 %) 31 (17 %) 0.124
Fashion 20 (11 %) 16 (9 %) 0.591
Secure fastening 20 (62 %) 104 (57 %) 0.434
Ease of fastening 117 (65 %) 93 (51 %) 0.010
Support 123 (68 %) 118 (65 %) 0.761
Grip 122 (68 %) 122 (67 %) 0.896
Fit 152 (84 %) 146 (80 %) 0.379
Functional Ambulation Categoryb Nonfunctional, 4 (2 %) 8 (4 %) 0.001
Dependent, Level II 15 (8 %) 10 (6 %)
Dependent Level I 24 (13 %) 14 (8 %)
Dependent Supervision 14 (8 %) 6 (3 %)
Independent, level surface 57 (32 %) 43 (24 %)
Independent, all surfaces 57 (32 %) 100 (55 %)
  1. Figures are number(%) unless stated otherwise
  2. Answers shown in % yes unless otherwise indicated
  3. a Analysed using Mann–Whitney U test
  4. b Analysed using Pearson chi-square test comparing yes/no, agree/disagree or important/not important responses and comparison of proportion of people in the different categories in the Functional Ambulation Category