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Table 2 Activity of the peroneus longus and the tibialis anterior muscle (mean ± SD), N = 34, CI = 95 % confidence intervals for the paired differences

From: The influence of insoles with a peroneal pressure point on the electromyographic activity of tibialis anterior and peroneus longus during gait

   Control Sensorimotor insole Paired difference 95 % CI P-value (2-tailed)
Peroneus longus
Initial contact time (% stance phase) 0.48 ± 4.53 1.53 ± 4.54 1.95 ± 2.67 1.05–2.85 0.179
amplitude (% MVC) 28.78 ± 10.73 27.17 ± 10.09 −1.61 ± 3.43 −2.76– −0.46 0.117
Mid-stance time (% stance phase) 29.67 ± 4.51
amplitude (% MVC) 16.47 ± 7.51 21.79 ± 9.98 5.33 ± 6.08 3.29–7.37 <0.001
Push-off time (% stance phase) 74.32 ± 6.04 74.50 ± 8.03 0.18 ± 6.10 −1.87–2.23 0.890
amplitude (% MVC) 68.96 ± 21.00 65.80 ± 20.66 0.17 ± 7.67 −2.41–2.75 0.920
Tibialis anterior
Initial contact amplitude (% MVC) at 0 % stance phase 39.08 ± 9.87 37.04 ± 9.55 2.04 ± 8.27 −0.74–4. 82 0.160
Mid-stance amplitude (% MVC) at 30 % stance phase 4.40 ± 3.38 4.56 ± 3.31 −0.16 ± 3.63 −1.38–1.06 0.797