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Table 2 Proportions of survey participants recommending different treatment options for HV (values are presented as N (%); bold text highlights >50 % of podiatrists recommending a treatment)

From: Non-surgical treatment of hallux valgus: a current practice survey of Australian podiatrists

Treatment option Adult HV (n = 146) Older adult HV (n = 141) Chi2 p-valuea Juvenile HV (n = 159) Chi2 p-valuea
Advice regarding different footwear 134 (92 %) 129 (91 %) 0.69 133 (77 %) <0.001
Orthotic devices - custom 109 (75 %) 74 (52 %) <0.001 69 (43 %) <0.001
Orthotic devices – prefabricated 79 (54 %) 69 (49 %) 0.22 107 (67 %) 0.001
Modification of existing footwear 60 (41 %) 83 (59 %) <0.001 31 (19 %) <0.001
In-shoe padding 50 (34 %) 77 (55 %) <0.001 29 (18 %) <0.001
Bunion shield padding 49 (34 %) 77 (55 %) <0.001 9 (6 %) <0.001
Muscle strengthening/retraining 48 (33 %) 24 (17 %) <0.001 81 (51 %) <0.001
Strapping 42 (29 %) 19 (13 %) <0.001 56 (35 %) 0.07
Muscle stretching 40 (27 %) 23 (16 %) <0.003 67 (42 %) <0.001
Lifestyle modification (e.g. exercise/activity) 33 (23 %) 38 (27 %) 0.22 33 (21 %) 0.58
Medication (e.g. NSAIDs) 25 (17 %) 33 (23 %) 0.05 6 (4 %) <0.001
Night splints 18 (12 %) 11 (8 %) 0.10 60 (38 %) <0.001
Massage 15 (10 %) 10 (7 %) 0.21 13 (8 %) 0.38
Silicon metatarsal pads 11 (8 %) 28 (20 %) <0.001 27 (17 %) <0.001
Dry needling 9 (6 %) 5 (4 %) 0.20 6 (4 %) 0.21
  1. aProportions of participants recommending each treatment were compared across patient age groups, using Chi-squared test and adult HV as the reference group