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Table 2 Qualitative history taking generated statements and assessments included within the GALLOP and round in which they were accepted

From: Gait and Lower Limb Observation of Paediatrics (GALLOP): development of a consensus based paediatric podiatry and physiotherapy standardised recording proforma

Question Theme Generated statement Consensus % Agreement % Round accepted
What are the common questions asked relating to pre and post natal history? 1. Pregnancy complications (Including mother’s health and medications) 88   1
2. Term/gestation 100   1
3. Delivery method (vaginal, spontaneous, induced caesarean, elective caesarean) 76   1
4. Complications during and/or post-delivery and/or postnatal 100   1
  5. Breech position   94 2
  6. Birth weight   88 2
  7. Assistance during labour (Forceps/ventouse)   76 2
  8. APGAR score at 1 and 5 min   71 2
  9. Other health professionals involved at birth or in first 14 days   71 2
  10. Family history of foot or leg problems   100 2
Questions asked about the child’s developmental milestones or acquisition of skills 11. Age of sitting 71   1
12. Age of crawling and type of crawl 100   1
13. Age of walking 100   1
14. Age of running 71   1
16. Age of jumping   82 2
17. Medical history/other health conditions   100 2
18. Previous treatment of foot/lower limb   100 2
19. Pain History   100 2
  20. Footwear   88 2
  21. Recreational/sporting history   88 2
  22. Sensory concerns   82 2
  23. Primary sitting positions   76 2
  24/25. Height/weight   71 3
Observation of presence in relationship to age 26. Squatting (single or double leg) 82   1
27. Running 82   1
28. Jumping 82   1
29. Skipping 82   1
30. Hopping 82   1
31. Single leg stance- (eyes open, eyes closed, timed) 76   1
  32. Ability to go up/down stairs   76 2
  33. Observation of functional tasks (throwing, catching, kicking a ball, animal walks, sport specific activities)   71 2
  34. Quality of body movement (symmetry, coordination)   71 2
What other neurological observations should be recorded? 35. Muscle tone (passive, active, spasticity, rigidity)   88 2
36. Gower’s sign   88 2
37–39. Other observations (syndactlyl, skin folds of feet, legs or thighs, tufts)   76 2
What aspect of the lower limb are visualised during a gait assessment? 40. Arm swing (symmetry, guard position, flapping/flailing) 70   1
41–43. Hip (rotation, flexion, hip drop/raise) 76   1
44–50. Knee position (patella, flexion/extension/hyperextension, internal, frontal, external, genu varum/valgum, Q angle) 94   1
  51–55. Heel contact (initial contact, motion, timing, heel lift, rear-foot position) 82   1
  55. Mid-stance (mid-foot position) 76   1
  56–58. Toe off (Forefoot position during propulsion, symmetry, duration) 88   1
  59–61. Other gait observations (Trendelenberg, limp, circumduction or abductory twist etc.) 76   1
  62. Head and neck position 70   1
  63. Trunk/torso position and/or alignment   71 2
  64. Angle of gait (foot progression angle)   94 2
  65. Base of gait   82 2