Skip to main content

Table 6 Baseline data: dermatological assessment

From: Risk factors for foot ulceration in adults with end-stage renal disease on dialysis: study protocol for a prospective observational cohort study

Dermatological assessments Procedure Diagnosis/study definition
Skin pathology • The presence of hyperkeratosis (callus), heloma dura (corns), uraemic pruritus, xerosis, calciphylaxis and other skin pathologies will be assessed visually [18, 66, 67, 7072] Skin pathology will be recorded with the presence of ≥1 skin pathology on either foot.
• Severity of xerosis will be graded in accordance with the Xerosis Severity Scale (mild = 1–2, moderate = 3–4, severe = 5–6) [66, 67]
• Skin pathology will be recorded as ‘present’ or ‘absent’
Nail pathology • The presence of half-and-half nail, absent lunula, onychomycosis, onychocryptosis (ingrown nail), onychauxis (thickened nail) and other nail pathologies will be assessed visually [70, 71] Nail pathology will be recorded with the presence of ≥1 nail pathology on either foot.
• Nail pathology will be recorded as ‘present’ or ‘absent’