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Table 2 Mean ratings (SD) (Round 1; range: 0–10) and agreement rates (Round 2; %) for items to be included within the MI

From: A consensus definition and rating scale for minimalist shoes

  Round 1 Round 2
  Rating Inclusion
Provisionally included   
Heel to toe drop (lower for minimalist) 9.0 (2.1) 92.9
Torsional flexibility (higher for minimalist) 8.8 (1.9) 95.2
Weight (lower for minimalist) 8.8 (1.5) 100
Longitudinal flexibility (higher for minimalist) 8.7 (2.0) 95.2
Stack height (lower for minimalist) 8.6 (2.6) 88.1
Motion control devices (dual/multi-density midsole, rigid heel counter) (fewer for minimalist) 8.5 (2.9) 85.7
Arch support devices (elevated medial insole under foot arch, tensioned medial upper) (fewer for minimalist) 8.5 (2.9) 85.7
  Round 1 Round 2
  Rating Exclusion
Provisionally excluded   
Upper/cover flexibility (higher for minimalist) 7.8 (2.7) 78.6
Toe-box width (anatomical fit) (higher for minimalist) 7.2 (3.3) 57.1
Sole density (higher for minimalist) 6.5 (3.2) 81.0
Presence of outsole lugs (fewer for minimalist)a 2.7 (3.4) ---
  1. aAdditional item suggested by participants during Round 1. This item did not obtain sufficient rating to be further considered for inclusion