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Table 1 Range of motion, calcaneal pitch, and navicular height change in patients with and without MTSS. Joint range of motion during forward step in control participants and MTSS patients. Calcaneal pitch and navicular height change were measured as static alignment in control and MTSS patients

From: Analysis of the talocrural and subtalar joint motions in patients with medial tibial stress syndrome

  Control (n = 8) MTSS (n = 8)   
MEAN ± SD MEAN ± SD ES
Subtalar joint DF (+) / PF (−) (°) 6.1 ± 0.7 6.1 ± 1.2   0.1
EV (+) / IV (−) (°) 5.3 ± 0.4 7.8 ± 1.3 * 2.6
ER (+) / IR (−) (°) 5.5 ± 1.1 9.8 ± 0.9 * 4.2
Taloclural joint DF (+) / PF (−) (°) 13.7 ± 2.2 13.6 ± 2.7   0.1
EV (+) / IV (−) (°) 2.9 ± 1.0 3.4 ± 2.2   0.3
ER (+) / IR (−) (°) 3.5 ± 1.0 3.7 ± 1.1   0.2
Calcaneal pitch (°) 20.8 ± 5.2 14.3 ± 3.8 * 1.5
Navicular height change (cm) 0.7 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.1 * 1.4
Time of Stance phase (msec) 319 ± 9 323 ± 9   .0
  1. PF Plantarflexion, DF Dorsiflexion, IV Inversion, EV Eversion, IR Internal rotation, ER External rotation, ES Effect size
  2. *p < 0.05