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Table 1 Mean (standard deviation) errors of articulated bones and unarticulated bones in static evaluation

From: Direct assessment of 3D foot bone kinematics using biplanar X-ray fluoroscopy and an automatic model registration method

  Articulated bones Unarticulated bones
  Calcaneus Talus Cuboid Navicular Calcaneus Talus
dx (mm) 0.28 (0.12) 0.14 (0.06) 0.40 (0.20) 0.39 (0.33) 0.11 (0.08) 0.15 (0.05)
dy (mm) 0.17 (0.10) 0.24 (0.18) 0.19 (0.09) 0.37 (0.21) 0.17 (0.07) 0.20 (0.19)
dz (mm) 0.22 (0.10) 0.21 (0.13) 0.30 (0.19) 0.33 (0.15) 0.09 (0.07) 0.16 (0.08)
θ (deg) 0.17 (0.08) 0.16 (0.07) 0.22 (0.11) 0.29 (0.20) 0.08 (0.07) 0.15 (0.09)
ϕ (deg) 0.20 (0.20) 0.21 (0.23) 0.19 (0.21) 0.23 (0.16) 0.16 (0.13) 0.20 (0.12)
ψ (deg) 0.18 (0.12) 0.29 (0.22) 0.39 (0.27) 0.31 (0.15) 0.15 (0.14) 0.13 (0.11)