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Figure 1 | Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Figure 1

From: Associations between toe grip strength and hallux valgus, toe curl ability, and foot arch height in Japanese adults aged 20 to 79 years: a cross-sectional study

Figure 1

Foot characteristic measurements. a, foot length; b, flexed foot length was measured as the length from the heel to the tip of the hallux with maximal toe flexion; c, truncated foot length was measured as the length between the first metatarsal head and heel; d, navicular height was measured as the length from the floor to the top of the navicular tuberosity.

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