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Table 2 Residual symptoms in ALALS participants after one year of follow-up

From: Effects of soft bracing or taping on a lateral ankle sprain: a non-randomised controlled trial evaluating recurrence rates and residual symptoms at one year

  Soft bracing N = 681 Taping N = 651 RR (95%CI) P-value
Swelling, n (%) 11 (16.2) 12 (18.5) 0.9 (0.4 to 1.8) 0.820
Functional outcome (limited flexion), n (%) 20 (29.4) 18 (27.7) 1.1 (0.6 to 1.8) 0.850
Passive instability (anterior ankle test), n (%) 20 (29.4) 8 (12.3) 2.4 (1.1 to 5.0) 0.019
Passive instability (talar tilt test), n (%) 16 (23.9) 17 (26.2) 0.9 (0.5 to 1.6) 0.842
Active instability of injured ankle, n (%)       
Active instability with, n (%):       
 - one leg stance, eyes open 5 (7.4) 4 (6.2) 1.2 (0.3 to 4.3) 1.000
 - one leg stance, eyes closed 48 (70.6) 39 (60.0) 1.2 (0.9 to 1.5) 0.208
 - one leg stance, eyes closed, with knee in 45° flexion 50 (73.5) 44 (67.7) 1.1 (0.9 to 1.4) 0.568
 - one leg stance, eyes closed, with knee in 45° flexion, standing on the forefoot 68 (100.0) 65 (100.0) 1.0 (1.0 to 1.0) 1.000
Pain in the ankle joint during walking, running, pivoting and jumping, n (%) 21 (27.7) 18 (30.9) 1.1 (0.7 to 1.9) 0.707
  1. 1 17 participants underwent no physical exam after one year of follow-up and 7 participants were excluded from the analyses because of other ankle injuries (tape n = 15; brace n = 9).