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Table 6 Individual research motivators and barriers items for all participants and health sector subgroups

From: The research capacity and culture of Australian podiatrists

Motivators All podiatrists (n = 238) Private (n = 131) Public community (n = 45) Public hospital (n = 28) Non-clinical (n = 28)   
  n (%) N (%) n (%) n(%) n (%) p OR, 95% CI
To develop skills 147 (63) 70 (53) 30 (67) 26 (93) 21 (75) 0.002 1.52, 1.15-2.02
Increased job satisfaction 122 (51) 50 (38) 28 (62) 23 (81) 21 (75) <0.001 1.82, 1.38-2.40
To keep the brain stimulated 114 (48) 57 (44) 25 (56) 16 (57) 16 (57) 0.198 1.17, 0.92-1.49
Desire to prove a theory/hunch 93 (39) 51 (39) 15 (33) 14 (50) 13 (46) 0.541 1.08, 0.85-1.38
Problem identified that needs changing 90 (38) 32 (24) 20 (44) 16 (57) 16 (57) 0.002 1.49, 1.16-1.91
Career advancement 82 (34) 26 (20) 19 (42) 20 (71) 17 (61) <0.001 2.00, 1.53-2.61
Increased credibility 80 (34) 36 (27) 15 (33) 16 (57) 13 (46) 0.012 1.37, 1.07-1.76
Mentors available to supervise 54 (23) 21 (16) 12 (27) 8 (29) 13 (46) 0.002 1.54, 1.17-2.02
Opportunities to participate at own level 48 (20) 26 (20) 9 (20) 9 (32) 6 (21) 0.438 1.12, 0.84-1.49
Forms part of post graduate study 46 (19) 15 (11) 12 (27) 14 (50) 5 (18) 0.012 1.44, 1.09-1.91
Links to universities 42 (18) 17 (13) 8 (18) 8 (29) 9 (32) 0.013 1.45, 1.08-1.94
Colleagues doing research 39 (16) 12 (9) 10 (22) 6 (21) 11 (39) 0.001 1.72, 1.27-2.31
Dedicated time for research 36 (15) 12 (9) 8 (18) 5 (18) 11 (39) 0.001 1.71, 1.26-2.32
Study or research scholarships available 30 (13) 11 (8) 6 (13) 4 (14) 9 (32) 0.005 1.60, 1.16-2.22
No motivators 26 (11) 25 (19) 1 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0) <0.001 0.08, 0.01-0.57
Research encouraged by managers 25 (11) 6 (5) 8 (18) 4 (14) 7 (25) 0.003 1.73, 1.22-2.45
Research written into role description 24 (10) 4 (3) 9 (20) 3 (11) 8 (29) 0.001 1.93, 1.35-2.78
Grant funds 19 (8) 9 (7) 3 (7) 2 (7) 5 (18) 0.181 1.32, 0.89-1.97
Other 10 (4) 8 (6) 1 (2) 0 (0) 1 (4) 0.163 0.60, 0.27-1.35
Barriers        
Other work roles take priority 158(66) 72 (55) 31 (69) 26 (93) 20(71) 0.001 0.61, 0.45-0.81
Lack of time for research 147 (51) 86 (66) 27 (60) 18 (64) 16 (57) 0.168 0.83, 0.66-1.08
Desire for work/life balance 120 (50) 82 (63) 19 (42) 11 (39) 8 (29) <0.001 0.58, 0.44-0.75
Lack of skills for research 107 (45) 67 (51) 22 (49) 12 (39) 6 (21) 0.002 0.68, 0.52-0.88
Lack of funds for research 105 (44) 50 (38) 19 (42) 17 (61) 19 (68) 0.005 1.42, 1.11-1.82
Other personal commitments 87 (37) 61 (47) 13 (29) 8 (29) 5 (18) 0.001 0.61, 0.45-0.81
Lack of administrative support 74 (31) 31 (24) 19 (42) 11 (39) 13 (36) 0.016 1.36, 1.06-1.75
Lack of software for research 65 (27) 35 (27) 16 (36) 10 (36) 4 (14) 0.421 0.89, 0.68-1.18
Lack of suitable backfill 61 (26) 17 (13) 17 (38) 15 (54) 12 (43) 0.001 1.80, 1.38-2.35
Lack access to equipment for research 60 (25) 31 (24) 15 (33) 9 (32) 5 (18) 0.809 0.97, 0.73-1.27
Intimidated by fear of getting it wrong 59 (25) 34 (26) 8 (18) 12 (43) 5 (18) 0.789 0.96, 0.73-1.27
Intimidated by research language 57 (24) 30 (23) 8 (18) 8 (29) 3 (11) 0.037 0.73, 0.53-1.00
Not interested in research 55 (23) 47 (36) 2 (4) 2 (7) 4 (14) <0.001 0.46, 0.31-0.70
Isolation 52 (22) 35 (27) 10 (22) 5 (18) 2 (7) 0.009 0.65, 0.46-0.92
Lack of a co-ordinated approach to research 42 (18) 21 (16) 8 (18) 8 (29) 5 (18) 0.513 1.11, 0.82-1.50
Lack of support from management 50 (21) 22 (17) 11 (18) 11(39) 6(21) 0.164 1.22, 0.92-1.61
Other 15 (6) 12 (9) 0 (0) 2 (7) 1 (4) 0.152 0.66, 0.36-1.23
Lack of library/internet access 12 (5) 7 (5) 3 (7) 1 (4) 1 (4) 0.584 0.85, 0.48-1.53
No barriers 3 (1) 1 (1) 1 (2) 0 (0) 1 (4) 0.441 1.46, 0.57-3.72