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Table 3 Univariate associations (differences between groups) between dichotomous scaled variables and OxAFQ-C domain scores

From: The association of foot structure and footwear fit with disability in children and adolescents with Down syndrome

Participant characteristics Physicala,b School and playa Emotionala Footwear
Mean difference (95% CI) pvalue Mean difference (95% CI) pvalue Mean difference (95% CI) pvaluec Mean difference (95% CI) pvaluec
Sexd −2.0 (−14.4 to 10.5) 0.754 −1.5 (−12.1 to 9.0) 0.771 −5.2 (−13.1 to 2.7) 0.350 6.9 (−8.8 to 22.6) 0.299
Hallux valguse −19.1 (−41.1 to 2.8) 0.062 −19.3 (−37.7 to −1.0) 0.040 −10.9 (−37.8 to 15.9) 0.133 −25.0(−50.1 to 0.1) 0.123
Lesser toe deformitye −10.9 (−25.9 to 16.0) 0.297 −13.9 (−30.8 to 3.0) 0.106 −11.5 (−29.0 to 6.0) 0.047 −19.9 (−43.3 to 3.6) 0.199
  1. aParent-reported Oxford Ankle Foot Questionnaire for Children (OxAFQ-C) domain scores were based on n = 49 due to missing data.
  2. bAnalysis performed on transformed data. Results presented in antilog.
  3. cThe p values for the univariate association between dichotomous scaled variables and the OxAFQ-C Emotional domain and Footwear item scores were determined using the Mann–Whitney U Test for each variable.
  4. dCondition: male minus female.
  5. eCondition: presence minus absence.