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Table 3 SF-36 health survey differences between patients with CAI and controls

From: Deviations in gait metrics in patients with chronic ankle instability: a case control study

  CAI Control Mean difference [CI] p
SF-36 (0–100)     
Physical functioning 57.3 (28.4) 95.2 (8.2) 37.9 [29.0 to 46.8] <0.001
Bodily pain 48.8 (23.4) 90.3 (12.6) 41.5 [33.7 to 49.4] <0.001
Limitation due to physical problems 34.1 (40.0) 91.5 (21.3) 57.4 [44.0 to 70.8] <0.001
Limitation due to emotional problems 57.7 (21.0) 70.8 (15.5) 31.7 [16.5 to 46.9] <0.001
Vitality 67.1 (20.8) 76.9 (12.9) 13.0 [5.4 to 20.6] 0.001
Social functioning 61.4 (46.6) 93.1 (21.0) 23.5 [15.5 to 31.6] <0.001
Emotional well being 72.4 (26.6) 96.0 (12.0) 9.8 [2.6 to 17.0] 0.008
General health 60.0 (20.6) 80.0 (12.8) 20.0 [12.9 to 27.1] <0.001
Physical component summary (PCS) 51.6 (20.0) 85.6 (9.7) 34.0 [27.4 to 40.6] <0.001
Mental component summary (MCS) 63.7 (19.5) 83.4 (11.3) 19.6 [13.0 to 26.3] <0.001
  1. Results are presented as mean (±SD) and 95% CI.
  2. CAI = chronic ankle instability; CI = confidence interval.