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Table 2 Gait spatiotemporal metrics differences between patients with CAI and healthy controls

From: Deviations in gait metrics in patients with chronic ankle instability: a case control study

  CAI Control Mean difference [CI] p
Velocity (cm/s) 105.9 (20.0) 125.6 (19.0) 19.7 [11.8 to 27.6] <0.001
Cadence (steps/min) 69.5 (7.0) 76.4 (5.7) 6.9 [4.3 to 9.4] <0.001
Step length more symptomatic (cm) 60.8 (8.1) 65.9 (8.1) 5.0 [1.8 to 8.3] 0.003
Step length less symptomatic (cm) 60.3 (9.0) 66.1 (8.1) 5.8 [2.3 to 9.2] <0.001
Stride length more symptomatic (cm) 121.1 (16.9) 131.9 (16.1) 10.8 [4.1 to 17.4] 0.002
Stride length less symptomatic (cm) 121.3 (16.9) 131.9 (16.1) 10.6 [3.9 to 17.3] 0.002
Base of support (cm) 6.9 (3.5) 4.5 (2.3) −2.3 [−3.5 to −1.1] <0.001
Swing more symptomatic (% GC) 39.4 (1.9) 40.3 (1.4) 0.9 [0.2 to 1.6] 0.010
Swing less symptomatic (% GC) 38.7 (2.4) 40.1 (1.7) 1.4 [0.6 to 2.2] 0.001
Stance more symptomatic (% GC) 60.6 (1.9) 59.7 (1.4) −0.9 [−1.6 to −0.2] 0.010
Stance less symptomatic (% GC) 61.3 (2.4) 59.9 (1.7) −1.4 [−2.2 to −0.6] 0.001
Single limb support more symptomatic (% GC) 38.7 (2.4) 40.1 (1.6) 1.4 [0.6 to 2.2] 0.001
Single limb support less symptomatic (% GC) 39.4 (1.9) 40.2 (1.5) 0.8 [0.1 to 1.5] 0.022
Double limb support more symptomatic (% GC) 21.8 (3.3) 19.6 (2.6) −2.3 [−3.5 to −1.1] <0.001
Double limb support less symptomatic (% GC) 21.9 (3.3) 19.7 (3.0) −2.2 [−3.5 to −0.9] 0.001
  1. Results are presented as mean (±SD) and 95% CI.
  2. CAI = chronic ankle instability; SD = standard deviation; CI = confidence interval; GC = gait cycle.