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Table 2 Participants estimated use of individual prescription variables for symptomatic flexible pes planus in the adult (outcomes reaching consensus are bolded)

From: Consensus-based recommendations of Australian podiatrists for the prescription of foot orthoses for symptomatic flexible pes planus in adults

Section Prescription variable Median% SD Range
Rearfoot Cast Pour    
  Neutral [heel in a vertical position] 60.0 32.4 0 - 100
  Inverted [heel in an inverted position] 50.0 31.9 0 - 90
  Everted [heel in an everted position] 0.0 7.2 0 - 30
Medial heel (Kirby) skive 25.0 29.9 0 - 100
Post    
  No post 10.0 25.1 0 - 100
  Extrinsic 50.0 32.7 0 - 100
  Extrinsic (inverted) 20.0 28.2 0 - 90
  Extrinsic (everted) 0.0 4.4 0 - 10
  Extrinsic (with motion) 0.0 28.4 0 - 100
Midfoot Arch fill    
  Minimal 40.0 35.8 0 - 100
  Standard 50.0 28.5 0 - 90
  Maximum 5.0 16.3 0 - 50
Flange    
  Medial 10.0 28.9 0 - 100
  Lateral 0.0 7.2 0 - 30
Forefoot Post    
  No post 22.3 28.4 0 - 90
  Intrinsic 43.6 39.2 0 - 100
  Extrinsic 11.0 11.6 0 - 50
  Balanced to perpendicular 50.4 40.8 0 - 100
Accommodations and materials 1st ray cut out 13.1 16.5 0 - 60
1st MTPJ cut out 15.3 21.0 0 - 100
Plantar fascia groove 25.0 31.4 0 - 100
Metatarsal dome    
  Intrinsic 5.0 28.6 0 - 100
  Extrinsic 20.0 21.3 0 - 80
Cuboid filler 10.0 28.7 0 - 100
Heel aperture 0.0 14.9 0 - 50
Polyolyenes (e.g. polypropylene) 75.0 31.3 0 - 100
Cellular foam (e.g. EVA) 10.0 18.2 0 - 70
Composite (e.g. carbon graphite) 10.0 27.1 0 - 98
Other 0.0 4.2 0 - 20
  1. Notes: MTPJ = metatarsophalangeal joint, EVA = Ethylene-vinyl acetate.