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Table 1 Characteristics a of Framingham foot study participants, 2002-2008

From: The associations of leg lean mass with foot pain, posture and function in the Framingham foot study

  All participants Men Women P valueb
N 1795 776 1,019  
Age (years) 67.4 (10.2) 67.9 (10.1) 67.0 (10.2) 0.08
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28.1 (4.9) 28.6 (4.2) 27.6 (5.4) <0.0001
Leg lean mass (kg/m2) 5.05 (0.81) 5.75 (0.59) 4.52 (0.47) <0.0001
Foot pain (%) 21.5 16.6 25.1 <0.0001
Foot posture (%)     
Cavus 30.5 29.0 31.6 0.07
Rectus 43.2 42.0 44.1  
Planus 26.4 29.0 24.3  
Foot function (%)     
Pronation 31.1 21.5 38.4 <0.0001
Referent 39.2 40.2 38.5  
Supination 29.7 38.3 23.2  
  1. aMean (SD) unless otherwise noted.
  2. b P values for comparison between men and women.