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Table 1 Definition of the six foot dimensions

From: Comparing 3D foot scanning with conventional measurement methods

Dimensions Definition  
1. Foot length The direct distance from pternion point to the most anterior point of the longest toe (first or second) measured parallel to the foot axis.  
2. Ball of foot length The distance from the end of heel to the metatarsal tibial measured parallel to the foot axis.
3. Outside ball of foot length The distance from the end of heel to the metatarsal fibular measured parallel to the foot axis.
4. Foot breadth diagonal The distance between the metatarsal tibial and metatarsal fibular of the ball cross section projected to the standing surface.  
5. Foot breadth horizontal The horizontal distance between metatarsal tibial to metatarsal fibular.
6. Heel breadth The breadth of position at 16% foot length straight from the pternion point to toe.
  1. Foot axis: The line passes from the pternion to the tip of the second toe.