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Table 1 Angles of the talocrural and subtalar joints at the time of toe contact

From: Changes in talocrural and subtalar joint kinematics of barefoot versus shod forefoot landing

Joint Condition Barefoot Shod Mean difference Difference p value
Variable Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Talocrural joint Dorsi(+)/plantar(−) flexion (deg) −20.5 (7.1) −17.9 (8.3) −2.6 * 0.008
  Eversion(+)/inversion(−) (deg) 0.1 (1.6) −1.4 (2.0) −1.5 - 0.071
  External(+)/internal(−) rotation (deg) 0.8 (1.3) 1.7 (1.3) 0.9 - 0.393
Subtalar joint Dorsi(+)/plantar(−) flexion (deg) −3.0 (2.3) −2.3 (1.7) −0.7 - 0.231
  Eversion(+)/inversion(−) (deg) −4.7 (1.5) −4.1 (2.3) −0.6 - 0.111
  External(+)/internal(−) rotation (deg) −2.2 (2.2) −1.9 (3.1) −0.3 - 0.471
  1. *, significant difference; SD, standard deviation.