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Table 2 Numbers and proportions (%) of medical co-morbidity and foot disease history for foot disease subgroups

From: Prevalence of active foot disease and foot disease risk factors in a subacute inpatient rehabilitation facility: a cross-sectional prevalence study

  All participants Nil foot disease risk factors Single foot disease risk factor Multiple foot disease risk factors  
  Number % Number % Number % Number % pvalue
Co-morbidities 85 100 37 100 20 100 28 100  
Hypertension 52 61.2 22 59.5 15 75.0 15 53.6 0.311
Dyslipidaemia 41 48.2 17 45.9 14 70.0 10 35.7 0.060
Smoker 15 17.6 4 10.8 6 30.0 5 17.9 0.193
Diabetes 19 22.4 5 13.5 6 30.0 8 28.6 0.227
CVD 40 47.1 17 45.9 9 45.0 14 50.0 0.928
CKD 14 16.5 4 10.8 5 25.0 5 17.9 0.376
ESRF 4 4.7 0 0 1 5.0 3 10.7 NA
Neuropathy# 12 14.1 0 0 3 15.0 9 32.1 0.001
PAD# 15 17.6 0 0 6 30.0 9 32.1 0.001
  1. #Self-reported history; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; CKD: Chronic kidney disease; ESRF: End stage renal failure; PAD: Peripheral arterial disease. NA: Not applicable to test as the assumption of Chi-squared test is violated as 2 cells had expected count < 5.