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Table 6 Condition mean (SD) data followed by pairwise comparisons expressed as mean difference and 95% confidence intervals (CI), p -value and standardised mean difference (SMD) for the anthropometric study

From: A radiographic and anthropometric study of the effect of a contoured sandal and foot orthosis on supporting the medial longitudinal arch

Condition Arch height, mm  
Barefoot 55.4 (5.4)  
Subtalar joint neutral 59.9 (4.7)  
Flat sandal 52.9 (5.3)  
Contoured sandal 60.2 (5.4)  
Orthosis 59.2 (5.6)  
Condition Comparator Mean difference (95% CI), p-value, SMD
Contoured sandal Barefoot 5.1 (0.3 to 1.6), <0.001, 1.0
Contoured sandal Flat sandal 7.5 (0.9 to 2.3), <0.001, 1.6
Contoured sandal Orthosis 1.2 (-0.4 to 0.9), 0.730, 0.2
Contoured sandal Subtalar joint neutral 0.4 (-0.5 to 0.7), 0.996, 0.9
Orthosis Barefoot 3.8 (0.8 to 1.4), 0.002, 0.7
Orthosis Flat sandal 6.3 (0.7 to 2.0), <0.001, 1.3
Orthosis Subtalar joint neutral -0.9 (-0.8 to 0.5), 0.910, -0.2
Flat sandal Barefoot -2.5 (-1.2 to 0.1), 0.104, -0.5
Flat sandal Subtalar joint neutral -7.1 (-2.4 to -30.9), <0.001, -1.64
Barefoot Subtalar joint neutral -4.7 (-1.6 to -0.3), <0.001, -0.9