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Table 1 Mean and amount of change in pain, disability and lumbar posture in exercise only, and exercise and shoe groups.

From: The effect of rollover footwear on pain, disability and lumbar posture in patients with low back pain

  Pain Disability Lumbar Posture (cm)
  Pretest 4 weeks change Pretest 4 weeks change Pretest 4 weeks change
Exercise 7.1±1.6 4.8±2.1a -%31.5 36.9±10.5 26.3±9.5a -%27.8 26.2±13.9 22.2±10.5 -%15.3
Exercise + shoe 7.3±1.8 3.0±2.0a -%58.9b 29.8±5.3 18.0±5.9 a -%39.6 20.1±11.9 17.5±5.6 -%12.9
  1. a P <0.05 (within group). b P <0.05 (between group).