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Table 1 Demographic data and disease characteristics of the patients

From: Efficacy of intraarticular botulinum toxin A and intraarticular hyaluronate plus rehabilitation exercise in patients with unilateral ankle osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial

Characteristic BoNT-A group (n = 38) HA group (n = 37)
Age (years) 49.5 ± 10.9 50.6 ± 10.3
Male, n (%) 23 (60.5) 23 (62.2)
Weight (kg) 67.5 ± 8.1 67.0 ± 10.5
Height (cm) 166.5 ± 6.5 165.1 ± 8.1
Etiology of OA, secondary OA (%) 27 (71.1) 27(73.0)
Light worker, n (%) 28 (73.7) 27 (73.0)
Side of ankle injected, left, n (%) 13 (34.2) 12 (32.4)
Disease duration (years) 5.6 ± 3.7 5.3 ± 4.0
Total AOS 4.9 ± 1.5 4.7 ± 1.0
Pain subscale 4.5 ± 1.3 4.5 ± 1.1
Disability subscale 5.2 ± 1.9 5.0 ± 1.3
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation or number (percentage).
  2. BoNT-A = Botulinum toxin type A; HA = Hyaluronate; OA = Osteoarthritis; AOS = Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale.