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Table 2 Modified Downs and Black Quality Index results for each study

From: The effect of foot orthoses and in-shoe wedges during cycling: a systematic review

  1. Clear aim/ hypothesis 2. Outcome measures clearly described 3. Charateristics of patients included clearly described 4. Interventions of interest clearly described 6. Main findings clearly described 7. Measures of random variability provided 10. Actual probability values reported 11. Subjects asked to participate representative of population 12. Subjects prepared to participate representative of population 14. Blinding of subjects 15. Blinding of outcome assessor 16. Analyses performed were planned; no data dredging 18. Appropriate statistical tests used 20. Valid and reliable outcome measures Total (score out of 14)
Anderson & Sockler, 1990.[19] 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 U U 0 0 0 1 1 8
Bousie et al., 2013.[17] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U U 0 0 1 1 1 10
Dinsdale & Williams, 2010.[4] 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 U U 0 0 U 1 U 7
Hice et al., 1985.[18] 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 U U 0 0 1 1 1 8
Koch et al., 2013.[7] 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 U U 1 0 1 1 U 10
O’Neill et al., 2011.[20] 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 U 0 0 0 1 1 7
  1. 0: No, 1: Yes, U: Unable to be determined (received a score of 0).