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Table 3 Mean toe grip strength and mean toe grip strength/weight

From: Reference values for toe grip strength among Japanese adults aged 20 to 79 years: a cross-sectional study

  Mean TGS (kg) Mean TGS/Wt (%)
Men Women Men Women
20s 16.9 (6.0) 10.4 (4.1) 26.5(10.2) 20.0 (7.9)
30s 17.1 (5.0) 11.5 (4.9) 25.7 (7.8)* 22.1 (9.4)
40s 15.8 (6.2) 11.6 (4.5) 23.4 (9.0) 21.8 (8.0)
50s 14.4 (4.8)†b 8.9 (3.6)BC 22.2 (7.8) 17.3 (6.9)BC
60s 12.0 (4.5)†ABCD 8.9 (4.0)BC 19.3 (7.5)*ABC 17.5 (8.2)BC
70s 10.4 (3.3)†ABCDE 7.3 (3.6)ABCDE 16.5 (5.1)†ABCDE 14.6 (7.4)ABCDE
  1. Data expressed as means (standard deviation). TGS, toe grip strength; Wt, Weight.
  2. *p < 0.05 and p < 0.01 vs. women. p < 0.01: A, B, C, D, E vs. 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s and 60s, respectively; bp < 0.05 vs. 30s.