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Table 4 Repeatability of foot kinematics (the difference between two sessions)

From: Repeatability of a multi-segment foot model with a 15-marker set in healthy adults

  Present study OFM [4] MiFM [28] HFM [3]
Inter-session difference Mean SE* Range Mean Mean Mean
Hallux (o)       
  Flex/Ext 4.0 0.05 (0.17, 7.08) 6.0 3.63 1.97
  Rotation 3.6 0.05 (0.28, 6.60) 6.4 2.78 1.45
Hindfoot (o)       
  Flex/Ext 1.3 0.05 (0.31, 3.03) 1.4 2.37 1.34
  Pro/Sup 4.3 0.05 (0.53, 6.19) 3.0 1.60 3.38
  Rotation 3.0 0.04 (0.20, 5.94) 3.2 2.00  
Arch (mm)       
  Height 4.9 0.06 (0.95, 8.31)    
  Length 2.0 < 0.01 (0.00, 3.61)    
  Index** 0.03 0.03 (0.01, 0.05)    
Forefoot (o)       
  Flex/Ext 2.6 0.03 (0.16, 4.93) 2.9 2.54 3.93
  Pro/Sup 3.0 0.03 (0.17, 6.09) 3.3 2.87 1.35
  Rotation 3.9 0.04 (0.04, 7.19) 4.3 2.48 2.54
  1. The mean inter-session difference of inter-segmental angle was calculated and compared with those from previous researches (Oxford foot model [4], Milwaukee foot model [28], and Heidelberg foot model [3]).
  2. *Standard Error.
  3. **Arch Index = Arch height/Arch length.
  4. OFM, Oxford foot model; MiFM, Milwaukee foot model; HFM, Heidelberg foot model.