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Table 4 Results of modified Downs and Black’s quality assessment tool

From: Systematic review of chronic ankle instability in children

Study   Criteria
Author Year 1 Hypotheses/objectives 2 Outcomes 3 Participants 4 Findings 5 Data distribution 6 p value 7 Participant Selection 8 Represent-activeness 9 Blinding 10 Statistics 11 Outcome measures 12 Intervention groups 13 Time period 14 Follow up Total Percentage (%)
Hiller et al. 2008 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N/A N/A 1 12/12 100
Hollwarth et al. 1985 1 0 0 1 1 0 0* 0* 0* 0* 0* 1 1 N/A 5/13 38
Marchi et al. 1999 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 N/A N/A 1 10/12 83
Soderman et al. 2001 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 N/A N/A 1 11/12 92
Steffen et al. 2008 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 N/A N/A 0* 10/12 83
Swenson et al. 2009 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 N/A N/A N/A 9/11 82
Timm et al. 2005 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14/14 100
Tyler et al. 2006 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0* 10/14 71
Weir & Watson 1996 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 N/A N/A 0* 9/12 75
  1. KEY:
  2. 1 Criteria met.
  3. 0 Criteria not met.
  4. *Unable to determine, scored 0.
  5. N/A Criteria did not apply to study type.