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Table 1 Difference between control and intervention groups at baseline and 3-months follow-up

From: Mechanism of orthotic therapy for the painful cavus foot deformity

  Control group N = 79 Intervention group N = 73 Mean difference (p-value) 95% CI
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Gender (% Female) 60.8% 52.1% 8.7(0.327) -
Age (years) 49.5 ± 14.4 50.1 ± 14.0 0.22(0.923) (−4.3,4.8)
BMI (kg/m2) 27.4 ± 6.0 27.9 ± 5.8 0.5(0.583) (−1.3,2.4)
Initial pain score 46.7 ± 18.1 41.9 ± 17.7 −4.8(0.122) (−10.8,1.3)
Follow-up pain score 67.0 ± 22.2 73.4 ± 24.9 6.4(0.098) (−1.2,13.9)
Change in pain 20.3 ± 22.7 31.5 ± 26.1 11.1(0.006) (3.3,19.0)
Results after adjusting by age
Initial pain score 45.3 41.1 −4.1(0.180) (−10.2,1.9)
Follow-up pain score 65.3 73 7.4 (0.061) (−.3,15.0)
Change in pain 20.0 31.5 11.5(0.005) (3.5,19.5)