Skip to main content

Table 2 Three-dimensional morphological parameters of the normal calcaneus

From: Measurement of three-dimensional morphological characteristics of the calcaneus using CT image post-processing

  All (n = 179) Male (n = 83) Female (n = 96) pValue*
Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max Mean ± SD Min Max
LCA (mm) 74.2 ± 6.0 64.2 85.9 80.0 ± 3.4 71.3 85.9 69.2 ± 1.9 64.2 74.3 <0.001
HPF (mm) 28.5 ± 3.2 23.8 35.1 31.5 ± 1.8 28.5 35.1 25.9 ± 1.1 23.8 28.2 <0.001
LPF (mm) 25.3 ± 3.9 19.5 34.5 28.6 ± 2.9 24.3 34.5 22.4 ± 1.8 19.5 27.2 <0.001
LAP (mm) 21.0 ± 1.6 17.5 24.2 21.1 ± 1.6 18.5 24.2 20.8 ± 1.5 17.5 23.5 0.374
HAP (mm) 27.2 ± 3.5 22.4 33.6 30.4 ± 1.8 27.2 33.6 24.4 ± 1.7 22.4 29.8 <0.001
GA (deg) 125.4 ± 6.2 110 144 127.7 ± 6.4 113 144 123.5 ± 5.4 110 135 <0.001
BA (deg) 34.8 ± 5.3 23 45 39.6 ± 2.6 33 45 30.7 ± 3.2 23 39 <0.001
APF (cm2) 13.6 ± 1.2 11.1 16.2 14.5 ± 1.0 11.9 16.2 12.9 ± 1.0 11.1 14.6 <0.001
AMF (cm2) 5.6 ± 0.6 4.7 7.4 6.1 ± 0.5 5.5 7.4 5.2 ± 0.3 4.7 6.5 <0.001
  1. * P values for gender differences were from ANCOVA using body height as the covariate.
  2. LCA = length of calcaneal axis; HPF = height of posterior facet; LPF = length of posterior facet; LAP = length of anterior process; HAP = height of anterior process; GA = Gissane's angle; BA = Böhler's angle; APF = area of posterior facet; AMF = area of middle facet.