Self-efficacy, motivation and anxiety in novice podiatry students
© Causby et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 31 May 2013
Performance in learning has been linked to a number of factors, including trait-like differences and state-like individual differences such as self-efficacy and anxiety. The aims of this study were to identify the initial level of self-efficacy, motivation and anxiety experienced by students regarding learning scalpel technique and then to identify how this may change following a period of learning.
Participants were recruited from the 2nd year cohorts at the University of SA (UniSA) and Queensland University of Technology (QUT). The Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) was used to evaluate ‘perceived competence’, ‘effort’ and ‘pressure-tension’ associated with scalpel use. This was implemented prior to students learning scalpel use and then again after a period of exposure to public clinics. Scores for each of these factors were calculated. Paired t-tests were undertaken on scores pre- and post- scalpel learning.
Mean category values
The IMI determined that during teaching and subsequent use of scalpels students’ ‘perceived competence’ improved and ‘pressure-tension’ reduced. This tool may be used to evaluate the impact of differing teaching methods.
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