The foot and ankle characteristics in children with idiopathic toe walking gait
© Williams et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 31 May 2013
Idiopathic toe walking (ITW) has been associated with ankle equinus, and while equinus has been linked with foot deformity in adults, there has been limited investigation on its impact on structural foot change in children. This study used the weight bearing lunge (WBL) test and Foot Posture Index-6 (FPI-6) to evaluate the foot and ankle measures of children with an ITW gait.
Sixty children between the ages of four and eight years were grouped into an ITW (N=30) and a non-toe walking (NTW) (N=30) cohort. The ankle range of movement and FPI-6 was calculated during appropriate weight–bearing test and stance.
There was a highly significant difference in the WBL test measures between the ITW cohort and the NTW cohort. The FPI-6 comparison was not significant. The WBL test was also not predictive of an abnormal FPI-6 in the ITW cohort.
These results demonstrate that ITW gait style impacts only on the available dorsiflexion at the ankle. The WBL measure may be utilised within the clinical setting to guide and monitor treatment interventions.
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