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  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

Mechanism of effective orthotic therapy for the painful cavus foot

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research20136 (Suppl 1) :O3

  • Published:


  • Treatment Option
  • Randomise Control Trial
  • Final Model
  • Pain Relief
  • Physical Characteristic


People who have extremely high-arched feet or pes cavus often suffer from substantial foot pain. Custom-made foot orthoses have been shown to be an effective treatment option, but their specificity is unclear. It is generally thought that one of the primary functions of custom foot orthoses is redistribution of abnormal plantar pressures. This study sought to identify variables associated with pain relief after custom foot orthoses intervention.


Demographic, physical characteristics and Pedar® in-shoe plantar pressure data from a randomised controlled trial of 154 participants with painful pes cavus were retrospectively re-analysed at baseline and three month post orthoses intervention. The participants were randomised to a treatment group prescribed custom-made foot orthoses or a control group given sham orthoses.


No relationship between change in pressure magnitude and change in symptoms was found in either group. While redistribution of plantar pressure, measured with the Dynamic Plantar Loading Index, had a significant effect on pain relief (p=0.03). Our final model predicted 73% of the variance in pain relief from custom foot orthoses and consisted of initial pain level, BMI, foot alignment, and changes in both Dynamic Plantar Loading Index and pressure-time integral. Results indicate that a primary function of effective orthotic therapy is redistribution of abnormal plantar pressures.


This study provides the mechanism by which custom-made foot orthoses reduce pain and disability in patients with painful pes cavus. The proposed model may assist in better designing and assessing orthotic therapy for pain relief in patients with a variety of painful foot disorders.

Authors’ Affiliations

Interdisciplinary Consortium on Advanced Motion Performance (iCAMP), Southern Arizona Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA)/Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA
Internal Medicine; Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes Division, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
The University of Sydney and The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia


© Najafi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.