Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Mean, p value and 95% confidence interval for the difference between the means for the joint range of motion and velocity over the stance phase for barefoot and thong while walking and jogging

From: Effect of thong style flip-flops on children’s barefoot walking and jogging kinematics

  Walk   Jog  
Variable Barefoot Thong    Barefoot Thong   
  Angle (°) SD Angle (°) SD p;<0.05 95% CI Angle (°) SD Angle (°) SD p;<0.05 95% CI
Ankle sagittal 22.4 5.4 20.7 7.9 0.386 −2.39, 5.76 28.2 5.4 25.8 5.8 0.085 −0.383, 5.18
Ankle frontal 11.6 2.5 11.1 2.1 0.580 −1.59, 0.940 12.8 3.2 12.5 2.5 0.626 −1.03, 1.64
Ankle transverse 12.1 3.6 12.6 4.3 0.688 −2.78, 1.90 10.1 3.6 9.3 3.2 0.162 −0.376, 2.01
Midfoot sagittal 21.8 6.1 21.2 6.1 0.701 −2.69, 3.87 25.0 5.0 22.9 3.2 0.116 −0.589, 4.69
Midfoot frontal 7.0 1.4 7.4 4.0 0.656 −2.51, 1.64 6.7 3.2 6.0 2.2 0.452 −1.34, 2.82
Midfoot transverse 7.5 3.2 8.4 3.2 0.099 −1.90, 0.186 5.9 1.8 5.2 1.8 0.327 −0.794, 2.20
Hallux sagittal 30.4 7.6 25.3 6.5 0.80 −1.42, 5.29 25.0 7.6 22.3 6.1 0.170 −1.30, 6.56
Mean velocity (ms-2) 1.4 0.2 1.4 0.2 0.079 −1.24, 1.56 2.5 0.2 2.5 0.2 0.520 −2.34, 2.66
  1. * indicates a significant difference compared to barefoot when p < 0.05.