Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Synthesis of evidence for stretching, mobilisation, manipulation and soleal trigger point therapy

From: Interventions for increasing ankle joint dorsiflexion: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Factor Stretching Mobilisation Manipulation Soleal trigger point therapy
Total number of studies (k) k = 18 k = 2 k = 2 k = 1
Study designs RCT: k = 11 Experimental: k = 2 RCT: k = 1 RCT: k = 1
  Experimental: k = 7   Experimental: k = 1  
PEDro score (range and median score) Range: 4 to 11 Range: 5 to 8 Range: 4 to 8 Score = 7
  Median: 7.5 Median: 6.5 Median: 6  
Consistency of findings Significant effect: k = 4 Non-significant effect: k = 1 Non-significant effect: k = 1 Non-significant effect: k = 1
  SMD range: 0.70 (0.04 to 1.37) [21] to 1.69 (0.53 to 2.85) [3] SMD 0.19 (−0.37 to 0.75) [39] SMD 0 (−0.44 to 0.44) [16] SMD 0.72 (−0.18 to 1.63) [2]
  Non-significant effect: k = 5 Insufficient data: k = 1 [40] Insufficient data: k = 1 [13]  
  SMD range: 0.36 (−0.44 to 1.17) [32] to 0.91 (−0.44 to 2.25) [18]    
  Insufficient data or no control group comparison:    
  k = 9 [1, 6, 14, 15, 19, 22, 27, 30],[31]