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Table 2 Phase 1 (clinical survey component) disease characteristics of study subject, by group

From: “They just scraped off the calluses”: a mixed methods exploration of foot care access and provision for people with rheumatoid arthritis in south-western Sydney, Australia

  User Unmet demander Non-demander P
(n = 8) (n = 10) (n = 11)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
FIS IF (0–21) 13 (4) 10 (6) 13 (4) 0.354
FIS AP (0–30) 22 (4) 13 (11) 18 (8) 0.161
Foot pain VAS (0–100 mm) 40 (14) 29 (29) 36 (23) 0.488
HAQ (0–3) 1.5 (1.25) 1 (1) 1 (0.5) 0.218
HAQ ADL (0–4) 1.5 (1) 1 (1) 1.5 (1) 0.965
HAQ Pain VAS (0–100) 70 (30) 40 (32) 56 (23) 0.087
HAQ Health VAS (0–100) 51 (33) 35 (25) 56 (31) 0.153
Tender joints (0–36) 5 (4) 4 (5) 8 (11) 0.550
Swollen joints (0–36) 4 (3) 3 (2) 5 (5) 0.987
Tender soft tissues (0–14) 2 (2) 2 (2) 3 (3) 0.848
Swollen soft tissues (0–14) 1 (1) 0 (0) 1 (2) 0.096
SI Forefoot (0–24) 14 (7) 6 (6) 11 (7) 0.053
SI Rearfoot (0–14) 10 (3)† 5 (2) 5 (4) ‡ 0.019
SI Total (0–36) 24 (9) 11 (6) 16 (8) ‡ 0.012
  1. FIS Foot Impact Scale, IF impairment/footwear, AP activity limitation/participation restriction, VAS visual analogue scale, HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire, ADL activities of daily living, SI Structural Index.
  2. † post-hoc Mann–Whitney test, p < 0.05 versus the unmet demander group.
  3. ‡ post-hoc Mann–Whitney test, p < 0.05 versus the user group.