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Table 2 Summary of results

From: Process evaluation of podiatric treatment of patients with forefoot pain

ID CauseI: Agreement PT and Chosen therapy: Shoe advice Lifestyle advice Foot pain at time of EP Information Chosen Chosen Consistency cause
   EP on cause insole elementsII regardingIII:   examination compared comprehension therapyIV: GP therapyIV:OS and treatment PT
       to time of inclusion and recollection    according to EP
        shoe advice    
    PT EP Fit Quality       
1 TPM (NF) No d, e d EP    Less pain TPM d c, possibly f TPM
2 NF No a, b g, (a) EP    More pain None provided d d Yes
3 F Partial a, b, c, f (a)   PT   Unchanged Partial compreh. g, h c, f Yes
4 NF No a, b    EP*   Less pain None provided f f, i Yes
5 TPM (NF) No    EP*    Unchanged TPM g, d, possibly b f, possibly k TPM
6 NF No a, b, e   EP*    Less pain None provided f, d, g j Yes
7 NF No a, b, g   EP*    Less pain None provided f, d f Yes
8 TPM (NF) No a, c, g   EP* EP   Less pain TPM f or possibly h f TPM
9 F Yes a, b, d, e b   PT, EP   Less pain Comprehended d, h k Yes
10 F Yes a, b, d a, b, c PT, EP    More pain No recollection f, d, discuss: h k No
11 F Yes a, b, c a, b     Less pain None provided f k Yes
12 F Yes a, b   PT, EP* PT, EP   Less pain Comprehended f, b f, possibly k Yes
13 F Yes   a, g   PT, EP   Unchanged Comprehended d, if persisting: f f, i Yes
14 F No a, b, e    PT, EP   Unchanged Partial compreh. f, possibly h k Yes
15 NF No a, b a, d EP* PT, EP EP (exercises, weight red.) More pain No recollection g, d, e (dietary) k, c No
16 NF No a, b, e   EP EP   More pain None provided f (foot), h (hip) X-ray hip and go from there No
17 NF No a, b, c, g e EP* PT, EP EP (exercises, weight red.) More pain Partial compreh. f, d c, f No
18 TPM (F) Partial b,g a EP    Less pain TPM h f, possibly i TPM
19 TPM (NF) No a, b, c, d   EP*    Unchanged TPM f f, possibly k TPM
20 F No a, b, c, e   EP*   EP (basic foot care) Less pain None provided f f Yes
21 F No a, b g EP PT   Unchanged Partial compreh. d, f, e (dietary) f Yes
22 F Yes b, c, d   PT*, EP* PT, EP   Less pain Partial compreh. a, g, f f possibly k Yes
23 NF No a, b, c, d a, b EP    More pain None provided f, d f Yes
24 F Yes a, b, c a, b, c PT, EP PT, EP   Less pain Comprehended f, possibly g f Yes
25 F Yes a, b, c, f   PT*, EP* PT, EP   Less pain Comprehended d, f possibly g f Yes
  1. Podiatrists (PT) reported their results following their assessment of the participant on a standardised form and the Expert Panel (EP) discussed and reported their results after evaluating all information and performing a physical examination.
  2. I NF Non-Functional strategy, F Functional strategy, TPM Treatment Plan Missing: Did not receive a treatment plan from the PT.
  3. IIDutch orthotic devices are generally custom made insoles using the ‘Lavigne’ method [16]. Elements are divided in: retro capital support (a); arch support (b); stabilisation of the calcaneus (c); element to raise single or multiple MTP joints (d); rear foot pronator (e); rear foot supinator (f); heel lift (g).
  4. IIIShoes primary cause of foot problem.
  5. IV GP (General Practitioner), OS (orthopaedic surgeon): NSAID’s (a); salicylic (10%) salve (b); night splint (c); shoe advice (d); life-style advice (e); referral insole fabrication (f); steroid injection (g); referral orthopaedic surgeon (h); referral neurologist (i); referral back to GP (j);operation (type depending on X-ray) (k).