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Table 1 Non-pharmacological and pharmacological agents used by neurologists (n = 54) in the treatment of muscle cramps, as well as the percentage of physicians who used each particular agent

From: Neurologist practice patterns in treatment of muscle cramps in Canada

Factor Number of physicians prescribed, n (%)* Number of physicians rating agent as most tolerable, n (%)*
Non-Pharmacological Treatment   
 Hydration 36 (66.7)
 Stretching 24 (44.4)
 Massage Therapy 21 (38.9)
 Herbal remedies 4 (7.7)
Pharmacological Treatment   
 Baclofen 29 (53.7) 11 (20.4)
 Quinine and its derivatives 27 (50.0) 11 (20.4)
 Gabapentin 27 (50.0) 5 (9.3)
 Carbamazepine 15 (27.7) 0 (0.0)
 Verapamil 12 (22.2) 0 (0.0)
 Vitamin B 9 (16.7) 13 (16.7)
 Phenytoin 9 (16.7) 0 (0.0)
 Diltiazem 5 (9.2) 1 (1.9)
 Levetiracetam 4 (7.4) 0 (0.0)
 Vitamin E 3 (5.5) 6 (11.1)
 Oxycarbazepine 1 (1.9) 0 (0.0)
  1. * Percent numbers do not add up to 100 due to multiple responses.