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Table 1 Kinematic parameters during walking, running and squatting for subjects with a history of PFPS (P) and uninjured controls (N). * Indicates a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05).

From: Rear-foot kinematics in runners with PFPS during walking, squatting and uphill running

  Walk Uphill Run Squat
Angle (o) N P p-value N P p-value N P p-value
Peak dorsiflexion 11.2 (3.2) 7.9 (2.8) 0.01* 18.9 (7.2) 15.9 (2.5) 0.13 25.0 (8.2) 19.0 (3.3) 0.03*
Dorsiflexion excursion 17.0 (2.5) 15.1 (2.8) 0.06 17.5 (3.8) 14.0 (2.3) 0.04* 19.5 (8.8) 17.0 (2.5) 0.21
Peak eversion 5.8 (6.2) 9.5 (3.3) 0.07 7.1 (7.5) 12.8 (3.1) 0.03* 6.5 (10.8) 10.1 (3.2) 0.18