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- Open Access
An intelligent sport shoe to prevent ankle inversion sprain injury
Journal of Foot and Ankle Researchvolume 5, Article number: K6 (2012)
Ankle sprain injury is common in sports. This study presents an intelligent sport shoe to prevent it.
Materials and methods
(1) Sensing: Five subjects performed various sporting motions with data collected from a plantar pressure system to reconstruct the ankle supination torque determined from a motion capture system with a force plate. Validation test on another five subjects was conducted. (2) Identification: Six subjects performed simulated sub-injury and non-injury trials with the dorsal foot kinematics measured by 8 wearable motion sensors. Data was used to train a support vector machine to establish a mathematics algorithm for identification, which was validated on another 6 subjects, with an expected accuracy of 90%. An uni-axial gyrometer was placed at the position with the best accuracy for identifying ankle sprain hazard, with a threshold suggested from a database of ankle inversion velocity from real injury incidents, sub-injury trials and non-injury motions. (3) Correction: Myoelectric stimulations with different delay time (0, 5, 10 and 15ms) were delivered to the peroneal muscles of 10 subjects performing unanticipated sub-injury trials in a laboratory. The effect was quantified by the heel tilting angle and its velocity as determined by a motion analysis system.
(1) Sensing: a system with 3 pressure sensors was developed to monitor the ankle supination torque with overall root mean square error as 6.91Nm, which was 6% of the peak values recorded (Fong et al, 2008a). (2) Identification: A method with one gyrometer at the heel to identify hazardous motion with 91.3% accuracy was developed (Chu et al, 2010). (3) Correction: significant reduction of the heel tilting angle and velocity from 18 to 9-13 degrees and from 200-250 to 140-170 deg/s was achieved.
An intelligent anti-sprain sport shoe with a 3-step intelligent system is successfully invented, and is soon being ready for commercialization.
Fong DTP, Chan YY, Hong Y, Yung PSH, Fung KY, Chan KM: A three-pressure-sensor (3PS) system for monitoring ankle supination torque during sport motions. Journal of Biomechanics. 2008, 41: 2562-2566. 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.05.035.
Chu VWS, Fong DTP, Chan YY, Yung PSH, Fung KY, Chan KM: Differentiation of ankle sprain motion and common sporting motion by ankle inversion velocity. Journal of Biomechanics. 2010, 43: 2035-2038. 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.03.029.