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Table 1 Participant Characteristics

From: A comparison of customised and prefabricated insoles to reduce risk factors for neuropathic diabetic foot ulceration: a participant-blinded randomised controlled trial

Demographic Data Custom-made group Prefabricated group
  (n=60) (n=59)
Mean age in years (SD) 71 (10) 70 (10)
Mean weight in kg (SD) 95 (16) 97 (21)
Mean height in metres (SD) 1.74 (0.27) 1.69 (0.13)
Mean BMI (SD) 32 (10) 32 (11)
Gender male/female 48/12 42/17
Diabetes Type I/II/unknown 2/57/1 2/57/0
Neuropathy 60 59
PVD 0 0
HbA1c % 8.1 (2.3) 7.7 (2.9)
Mean duration of diabetes in years (SD) 9 (9) 9 (8)
Plantar callus (yes/no) 25/35 22/37
Toe deformity (yes/no) 30/29 (1 missing) 29/30
Prior foot ulcer (yes/no) 5/55 6/53
Mean left foot peak pressure in kPa (SD) 499 (137) 498 (135)
Mean right foot peak pressure in kPa (SD) 494 (142) 512 (174)
Mean forefoot PTI in kPa.sec (SD) 53 (17) 55 (16)
Mean rate of forefoot loading in kPa/sec (SD) 118 (35) 126 (41)
Mean total contact area in mm2 (SD) 14778 (1996) 14171 (2083)
Foot type (Foot Posture Index ≥4) 25 19
  1. Note: PTI = Pressure time integral.