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Table 2 Hindfoot angles in degrees (mean ± SD and range) for 58 subjects

From: Pattern of outsole shoe heel wear in infantry recruits

  Right Left
  Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD Range
Calcaneus varus, standing −0.8 ± 5.6 −18.0 to 8.7 1.7 ± 4.7 −12.0 to 10.0
Calcaneus varus, tiptoeing 5.2 ± 6.2 −10.0 to 22.7 9.5 ± 7.6 −5.8 to 29.0
Calcaneus-tibial angle, standing −5.1 ± 7.0 −22.7 to 11.6 −3.2 ± 5.0 −16.0 to 8.5
Heel supination 8.7 ± 5.3 −12.6 to 20.6 9.7 ± 8.1 −9.2 to 34.4